Director of William Glasser Institute, Japan, Visits Internal Empowerment Training
December 22, 2010
IECAST goes to South Central Los Angeles – April thru August 2015
May 31, 2015

LMU Research of CTC-IEC Program Effectiveness Shows 95.7% Reduction in Recidivism Rate

Los Angeles, CA January 16, 2014

The results published today by Cheryl Grills and colleagues at Loyola Marymount University of a study conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the Choice Theory Connections – Internal Empowerment Coaching Certification program showed a 95.7% reduction in the recidivism rate of California Female inmates.

The study examined five years of peer reviewed, evidence-based research and analysis of the assessment data. In 2014, 175 students completed a series of assessments before participating in the introductory phase of the Choice Theory Connections – Internal Empowerment Coaching Certification program. The assessments provide evidence of quantitative and qualitative improvements in self-esteem, goal-directed thinking, self-satisfaction, and behavioral changes.

The study shows the following results:

  • A 2.9% recidivism rate compared to an average of 67% in California during the same time period
  • An estimated cost savings to date of $5,773,228 to the California Institution for Women (CIW) and the State of California.

In addition to the above, the same 175 students positively impacted their family members or caretakers by:

  • Exhibiting effective and responsible lifestyles
  • Teaching fellow–incarcerated persons our principles and practices
  • Breaking generational pathways to California prisons

The study was conducted by Grills, C.; Villanueva, S.; Anderson, M.; Corsbie-Massey, C.L.; Smith, B.; Johnson (now Triché), L.; and Owens. It was published in the International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, under the title “Effectiveness of Choice Theory Connections A Cross-Sectional and Comparative Analysis of California Female Inmates.” The full study can be viewed at:


Internal Empowerment Coaching and Scripture Therapy (IECAST, Inc.) is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) organization, devoted to providing educational services based on Reality Therapy, Choice Theory, and Internal Empowerment principles and practices.


If you would like more information about this topic, please call RoxAnne Triché at (909) 227-8152, or email

Comments are closed.


About our company

IECAST is a 501 (c)(3), Public Benefit, non-profit organization dedicated to perpetuating productive and mindful individuals, families, and organizations. We bring this vision into reality by developing diverse, internally empowered leaders who use the principles and practices of Choice Theory® as taught through the Internal Empowerment Coaching program. Our goal is to teach individuals, families, and organizations to reframe, reorganize, and reallocate resources to become effective coaches and leaders.